Dynamical Systems Trees
Andrew Howard, Tony Jebara
We propose dynamical systems trees (DSTs) as a flexible class of models for describing multiple processes that interact via a hierarchy of aggregating parent chains. DSTs extend Kalman filters, hidden Markov models and nonlinear dynamical systems to an interactive group scenario. Various individual processes interact as communities and sub-communities in a tree structure that is unrolled in time. To accommodate nonlinear temporal activity, each individual leaf process is modeled as a dynamical system containing discrete and/or continuous hidden states with discrete and/or Gaussian emissions. Subsequent higher level parent processes act like hidden Markov models and mediate the interaction between leaf processes or between other parent processes in the hierarchy. Aggregator chains are parents of child processes that they combine and mediate, yielding a compact overall parameterization. We provide tractable inference and learning algorithms for arbitrary DST topologies via an efficient structured mean-field algorithm. The diverse applicability of DSTs is demonstrated by experiments on gene expression data and by modeling group behavior in the setting of an American football game.
PDF Link: /papers/04/p260-howard.pdf
AUTHOR = "Andrew Howard
and Tony Jebara",
TITLE = "Dynamical Systems Trees",
BOOKTITLE = "Proceedings of the Twentieth Conference Annual Conference on Uncertainty in Artificial Intelligence (UAI-04)",
PUBLISHER = "AUAI Press",
ADDRESS = "Arlington, Virginia",
YEAR = "2004",
PAGES = "260--267"