Virtual Vector Machine for Bayesian Online Classification
Thomas Minka, Rongjing Xiang, Yuan (Alan) Qi
In a typical online learning scenario, a learner is required to process a large data stream using a small memory buffer. Such a requirement is usually in conflict with a learner's primary pursuit of prediction accuracy. To address this dilemma, we introduce a novel Bayesian online classi cation algorithm, called the Virtual Vector Machine. The virtual vector machine allows you to smoothly trade-off prediction accuracy with memory size. The virtual vector machine summarizes the information contained in the preceding data stream by a Gaussian distribution over the classi cation weights plus a constant number of virtual data points. The virtual data points are designed to add extra non-Gaussian information about the classi cation weights. To maintain the constant number of virtual points, the virtual vector machine adds the current real data point into the virtual point set, merges two most similar virtual points into a new virtual point or deletes a virtual point that is far from the decision boundary. The information lost in this process is absorbed into the Gaussian distribution. The extra information provided by the virtual points leads to improved predictive accuracy over previous online classification algorithms.
PDF Link: /papers/09/p411-minka.pdf
AUTHOR = "Thomas Minka
and Rongjing Xiang and Yuan (Alan) Qi",
TITLE = "Virtual Vector Machine for Bayesian Online Classification",
BOOKTITLE = "Proceedings of the Twenty-Fifth Conference Annual Conference on Uncertainty in Artificial Intelligence (UAI-09)",
PUBLISHER = "AUAI Press",
ADDRESS = "Corvallis, Oregon",
YEAR = "2009",
PAGES = "411--418"